Possible Solutions

Too fast or too slow wire feed for the arc voltage

Set the wire feed rate and voltage in accordance with good welding practices as recommended by a qualified welding engineer.

Too long an arc

Adjust the wire feed and voltage so that the arc is in accordance with good welding practice for the joint to be welded. The distance from the current tip to the workpiece should be 15 times the welding wire diameter. If the arc is too long there will be spatter, usually in the direction of the weld.

Damaged current tip

If the current tip becomes worn the welding wire will not be in constant contact with the tip and the arc will become unstable. A current tip contaminated with spatter will cause uneven wire feed resulting in further spatter.

Inclination of welding gun too great

The angle of the gas nozzle relative to the workpiece should be between 45 and 90 degrees. If the angle is too small, the wire runs parallel to the weld pool, resulting in spatter in the direction of the welding.

Faulty power source

Have the power source checked for faulty conditions such as broken wires and faulty contacts.

Incorrect start

A great deal of spatter occurs if the stick-out is too great and if the welding gun is held too far from the workpiece when striking the arc. Try to start with as short a stick-out as possible and with the welding gun as close to the starting point as possible. If a large ball end is formed on the end of the welding wire, remove it by cutting the wire with sharp wire cutters. It is helpful if the wire is cut to a point. Always remove the ball end before striking an aluminum arc. Check the welding ground connection.

Incorrect pulse parameters

Check the user manual for your power supply or consult a qualified welding engineer.

Uneven wire feed

Uneven wire feed gives rise to heavy spatter. Find the cause of the disturbance and correct the condition before proceeding.

Impurities on the base metal

Paint, mill scale, rust and other contamination on the base metal form an insulating layer causing an unstable arc that results in heavy spatter. Clean the surfaces to be welded.

Poor ground contact

Inspect ground cable for loose connections, fraying and cuts. Correct any problem areas found and attach the ground cable directly to the workpiece after having cleaned the contact surface first. POOR GROUND CONTACT IS THE MOST COMMON CAUSE OF UNSTABLE MIG WELDING CONDITIONS.

Too long stick-out (short-arc welding)

The stick-out should be 15 times the diameter of the wire electrode being used. With increasing stick-out, the current is reduced and the arc voltage rises, giving a longer unstable arc and increased spatter.

Incorrect polarity

Check for correct polarity. Follow the electrode manufacturer's recommendations.